Gay adoption statistics from 2011 and 2012. Look for updates and more analysis and insight in gay adoption statistics in this post in the coming weeks.
Gay Adoption Public Support
Public support for gay adoption is not polled often. The latest poll is 4 years old conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The results:
Source: The Polling Report
Gay Adoption Statistics Overall
As reported on the 2000 Census, about 65,000 children lived with same sex parents. In 2012, 110,000 live with gay parents, over a 100% increase.
Of the total amount of children in U.S. households, less than 1% live with same-sex parents. Therefore, children with same-sex parents are still far and away a minority. Here’s some charts I’ve compiled based on the latest data from the 2010 Census.
Whether Gay Adoption Affects Children
- 50% of children with lesbian parents are stigmatized, but 2/3 of them develop effective coping mechanisms.
- Among teens with lesbian mothers, no difference in quality of life based on donor status (whether they had been conceived by known or unknown donors), experienced stigmatization (whether or not they had experienced discrimination), or maternal relationship continuity (whether their mothers were still together or had separated).
Gay Adoption State Laws
In most states, whether gay adoption is legal is made on a case by case basis by a judge. However, there are 16 states that definitely allow joint gay adoptions (when a same-sex couple jointly petition for adoption):
- Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, D.C., Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington.
Other states allow second parent adoption by law. Second parent adoption is whether one person adopts the child of his partner. These states include:
- Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, D.C., Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont
- Alabama, Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, and Washington.
The most restrictive states are Mississippi and Utah, where same sex couples cannot legally adopt at all. Gay people in Florida used to not be able to adopt, jointly or singly, but a Florida district court ruled that law unconstitutional.
Source: The Human Rights Campaign
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